1. Each learner learns differently and at a unique pace. 
  2. Learning begins with connecting with what we already know. 
  3. Learning happens and can best be transferred when it is embedded in authentic contexts, personally relevant and when it is used to address real-world issues in creative ways.
  4. There is a clear link between emotional well-being and learning, and fear may interrupt learning. 
  5. Practice and effective feedback are essential to acquiring new knowledge and skills. 
  6. Meaning is constructed by learners, not received from the environment. 
  7. Frequent ‘testing’ and reflection improves memory and creates meaning (testing here means self-checks and formative assessment).
  8. To learn, we must transfer information from working memory (where it is consciously processed) to long-term memory (where it can be stored and later retrieved).
  9. Learning is enhanced through connections, communication, and collaboration across diverse perspectives.